«The oneness of man and nature in the works of G. Ibrahimov "In the Sea" and E. Hemingway "The Old Man and the Sea"» (Единение человека и природы в работах Г.Ибрагимова «В море» и И.Э.Хемингуэя «Старик и море»)

The picture of the sea at any time inspires the poets and writers of different nationalities with visions of grandeur and courage, of depth and beauty. And each writer has his own vision, thoughts and feelings concerning the sea. G. Ibrahimov and E. Hemingway are two outstanding writers of different worlds, different epochs and countries, but from the very beginning of their literary work to the very end, one of their favourite themes was the oneness of man and nature.

The work "In the Sea" written by famous Tatar writer G.Ibrahimov takes the first place among the best works of Tatar literature. There is no critical researches about his short novel "In the Sea". But from the view point of typological relations it can stand close to many works of well-known writers: such as Hemingway ("The Old Man and the Sea"), Melwill ("Moby Dick and White Wheel"), Astaphjev ("The Queen Fish") and others. Great American writer E. Hemingway understood and loved nature. From the very beginning of his literary work to the very end, one of his favourite themes was the oneness of man and nature.

We compared two works "In the Sea" written by Ibrahimov and "The Old Man and the Sea» written by E. Hemingway. The first is the story about a young man who decided to cross the sea in a boat with other passengers because he wanted to find a job in the city. There was an old man (Nuriji) among the passengers. It was a terrible storm while they were crossing the sea but finally they survived. The second is the story of an old Cuban fisherman (Santiago), who after a run of bad luck hooks a giant marlin. The story of the old man's struggle with the fish, of his final victory which turns into defeat as sharks attack the cateh and reduce it to a skeleton. The struggle ends with the words, "Man is not meant for defeat. A man can be destroyed but not defeated."

G.Ibrahimov used an original form of narration. The story is told by a young man, but we hear the voice of the author. It is so called "a narration from the first person", which was not so frequently used in literature at that period of time. We know that the young man is the author himself. Hemingway's aim to write absolute truth induced him to create a new style. He avoided conventional narration in his story.

The real success was in describing the main character Santiago, the old man, was one of the writer's beloved characters. We see in him some of the writer characteristics of the writer himself. The old man was a born fisherman, but he was not a butcher and fished only for a living. On the contrary the old man of Ibrahimov is very fear. In the story "In the Sea" also there is a person who thinks about keeping passengers alive and saving the boat. And he is from the younger generation. It's a very skillful and brave ruler of the boat. Only due to his courage and professional skills everybody survived. G. Ibrahimov achieved unusual intensity and an acuteness showing the struggle with the sea. Describing the fight of the ruler of the boat with the storm, where the ruler and his team win the battle the author believes that if the society has a clever, skilful, brave and fearless ruler it could survive in any "storm" and disaster. We should keep in mind that the ruler belongs to the younger generation.

It might be of interest to point out the glaring difference in the treatment of difficulties appearing during the fight by Hemingway and Ibrahimov. Hemingway shows the fight with the sharks (symbol of death) and Ibrahimov shows the fight with the storm.(symbol of destruction). They are unite in depicting the fight with the death and in depicting the Supreme Power of Nature.

Hemingway portrays the older generation as people who are morally responsible for the continuation of Life and Nature and who are fully aware of all the horrors of the distractions of Nature.

These two authors reveal their attitude to the problems of coexistence of Nature and a human being through the same mythological images (fish, water), because it becomes more acute in the period of "technological progress". The motive of interpreting the Nature through the myth gives a guarantee to the oneness of Man and Nature. G. Ibrahimov including in his story the myth about enormous fish showed the motive of sin and victim. Hemingway's Santiago is also began to doubt in rightfulness of killing the fish. Here appears the motive of sin and victim too. But each author founds his own specific decision of this problem according to their own conception and seeing the notion of sin and victim. Ibrahimov reveals it with the help of punishing forces of Nature. Hemingway with proving the utterance" Man can be destroyed but not defeated".



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